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The Mark is an ancient Germanic weight measure, traditionally a half pound, later used for several coins; whereas Reich , that is realm in English, comes from the official name for the German nation state from to , Deutsches Reich.
The Reichsmark was introduced in as a permanent replacement for the Papiermark. This was necessary due to the s German inflation which had reached its peak in To stabilize the economy and to smooth the transition, the Papiermark was not directly replaced by the Reichsmark, but by the Rentenmark , an interim currency backed by the Deutsche Rentenbank , owning industrial and agricultural real estate assets.
The Reichsmark was put on the gold standard at the rate previously used by the Goldmark , with the U. A number of companies were created with inadequate capital for their operations and authorized to issue bonds exchangeable at a 1: The Reichsbank rediscounted the bills of these companies creating a monetary expansion without formally renouncing the link to gold.
It formed the baseline model for further fraudulent issues of bills. MEFO was a dummy company that was formed with relatively small amounts of capital that was used to finance German rearmament off the books.
It issued bills without backing by its own resources but which were guaranteed redeemable at 1: The MEFO bills amounts were considered a state secret and were an important element in the impression that Hitlerian economics was a success.
This company essentially created a large amount of Reichsmarks off the books, inflating the currency in secret. Payment was about to come due giving Hitler the option of shifting the German economy to export goods to pay the bills or going to war and paying the debts off from looting profits extracted from conquered states.
With the unification of Germany and Austria in , the Reichsmark replaced the Schilling in Austria. During the Second World War , Germany established fixed exchange rates between the Reichsmark and the currencies of the occupied and allied countries, often set so as to give the Germans economic benefits.
The rates were as follows:. In practice, massive inflation dating back to the latter stages of the war had rendered the Reichsmark nearly worthless.
For all intents and purposes, it was supplanted by a barter economy commonly, "cigarette currency". The currency reform under the direction of Ludwig Erhard is considered the beginning of the West German economic recovery; however, the secret plan to introduce the Deutsche Mark in the Trizone was formulated by economist Edward A.
Tenenbaum of the US military government , and was executed abruptly on 21 June Three days later, the new currency also replaced the Reichsmark in the three Western sectors of Berlin.
In a local currency the Saar Mark , later replaced with the Saar Franc was introduced in the Saar. In , coins were introduced in denominations of 1 , 2, 5, 10, and 50 Reichspfennig, and 1 and 3 mark not Reichsmark.
The 1 and 2 Reichspfennig were struck in bronze, and depicting a wheat sheaf. And the 5, 10, and 50 Reichspfennig were struck in aluminium-bronze and depicted wheat stocks crossed into a stylized pattern.
The two highest denominations were struck in. In , nickel 50 Reichspfennig coins were introduced along with regular-type 5 Reichsmark coins, followed by the 3 Reichsmark coin in Nazi Germany had a number of mints.
Each mint location had its own identifiable letter. It is therefore possible to identify exactly which mint produced what coin by noting the mint mark on the coin.
Not all mints were authorized to produce coins every year. The mints were also only authorized to produce a set number of coins with some mints allocated a greater production than others.
Some of the coins with particular mint marks are therefore scarcer than others. With the silver 2 and 5 Reichsmark coins, the mint mark is found under the date on the left side of the coin.
On the smaller denomination Reichspfennig coins, the mint mark is found on the bottom center of the coin.
Four Reichspfennig coins were issued in as part of a failed attempt by the Reichskanzler Heinrich Brüning to reduce prices through use of 4 Reichspfennig pieces instead of 5 Reichspfennig coins.
Known as the Brüningtaler or Armer Heinrich "poor Heinrich" , they were demonetized the following year. See Brüningtaler in German. The quality of the Reichsmark coins decreased more and more towards the end of World War II and misprints happened more frequently.
This led to an increase in counterfeiting of money. Production of silver 1 Reichsmark coins ended in In , nickel 1 Reichsmark coins were introduced, and new silver 2 and 5 Reichsmark coins were introduced which were smaller but struck in.
Between and , a number of commemorative 5 Reichsmark pieces would be issued. Production of the 3 Reichsmark coin ceased altogether.
In , aluminium 50 Reichspfennig coins were introduced, initially for just the one year. In , nickel 50 Reichspfennig coins were issued and continued to be produced up to , before reverting to aluminum.
From on, all coins except the 1 Reichsmark and the first version —36 of the 5 Reichsmark coin bearing the image of the late Reichspräsident Paul von Hindenburg bore the Nazi state insignia.
The eagle had two standard designs on most coin denominations, a soaring eagle and large swastika depicted on most earlier issues, and a more "aggressive" eagle with less prominent swastika which became predominant in the s.
During World War II, bronze and aluminium-bronze coins were replaced by zinc and aluminium, with the 2 Reichspfennig discontinued for potential of being too easily mistaken for the 10 Reichspfennig when being struck in the same metal.
The 1, 2, and 5 Reichsmark coins were no longer issued, replaced instead by banknotes. Aluminium 50 Reichspfennig coins were reintroduced to replace the nickel versions.
This time around they had a longer run, being produced from to Lower denominations were produced in zinc from onwards.
Due to their composition, these coins had poor durability and are hard to find in very good condition. The last production of coins bearing the swastika was in 1 , 5 , 10 , and 50 Reichspfennig and 1 and 10 Reichspfennig only.
These coins were issued with designs very similar to those minted in —45, with the exception that the swastika was removed from beneath the eagle on the reverse.
The zinc 10 Reichspfennig coin was minted by Nazi Germany between and during World War II , replacing the bronze-aluminum version, which had a distinct golden color.
Made entirely of zinc , the 10 Reichspfennig is an emergency issue type, similar to the zinc 1 and 5 Reichspfennigs , and the aluminum 50 Reichspfennig coins from the same period.
The first Reichsmark banknotes were introduced by the Reichsbank and state banks such as those of Bavaria , Saxony and Baden. The first Reichsbank issue of came in denominations of 10, 20, 50, , and Reichsmark.
This was followed by a second issue in the same denominations, dated between and A 20 Reichsmark note was introduced in , using a design taken from an unissued Austrian schilling banknote type.
Five Reichsmark notes were issued in Throughout this period, the Rentenbank also issued banknotes denominated in Rentenmark, mostly in low denominations.
In preparation for the occupation of Germany, the United States issued occupation banknotes dated , printed by the Forbes Company of Boston.
These were printed in similar colours with different sizes for groups of denominations. The issuer was the Alliierte Militärbehörde "Allied military authorities" with In Umlauf gesetzt in Deutschland "in legal circulation in Germany" printed on the obverse.
The Soviet Union demanded copies of the engraving plates, ink, and associated equipment in early , and on 14 April Henry Morgenthau and Harry Dexter White of the U.
Using a printing plant in occupied Leipzig , the Soviet authorities printed large runs of occupation marks.
Since these were convertible to U. In Rhineland-Palatinate issued 5 and 10 Pfennig notes with Geldschein on them. Coins and banknotes for circulation in the occupied territories during the war were issued by the Reichskreditkassen.
Holed, zinc coins in 5 and 10 Reichspfennig denominations were struck in and Banknotes were issued between and in denominations of 50 Reichspfennig, 1, 2, 5, 20, and 50 Reichsmark.
Could you post a picture, or enter a new question with some additional information including a description of the images on your coin and any wording you can make out?
What is the value of 1 mark deutsches Reich coin? As these have a silver content of. What is the value of a Deutsches Reich 1 mark coin?
What is the value of a deutsches Reich 10 pfennig coin? What is the value of a Deutsches Reich 20 mark coin? My best guess is that it weighs around 0.
Therefore its gold weight will be about 0. What is the value of a Deutsches Reich 1 Mark Coin? Value of 1 Deutsches Reich mark coin from ?
What is the value of a Deutsch Reich 20 mark coin? What is the value of a 1 mark Deutsches Reich coin?
What is the value of an Deutsches Reich 1 Mark coin? Look for a small mint mark letter on the coin. Unlike US coins, all German coins of that period have mint marks.
What is the value of a Deutsches Reich 5 mark coin? The values quoted are the best available, but may be significantly lower due to varying demand for the coin and the prevailing economic climate.
A reputable coin dealer will be able to give a more accurate valuation based on inspection of the coin.Details sind alle vorhanden. Revers Der Revers ist die weniger wichtige Seite einer Münze. Sie besteht in der Regel aus einer Zahl und der Währung als Einheit. Ein Fingerabdruck darf vorhanden sein. Heute dient es bei Umlaufmünzen eher zur Unterscheidung von anderen Münzen. Es gibt aber auch Münzen, die viereckig oder einen Wellenschnitt besitzen. Details sind alle vorhanden. Artikel ansehen MA Shop Beutler. Casino arbeiten dient es bei Umlaufmünzen eher zur Unterscheidung von anderen Münzen. Meistens werden Metalle verwendet, aber in Notzeiten wurde auch mit alternativen Materialien experimentiert. Form Meistens sind Münzen rund.